Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number 13000939
Historic Name CHEROKEE TERRACE APARTMENTS
Description of Significance THE CHEROKEE TERRACE APARTMENTS IS ELIGIBLE FOR INCLUSION IN THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES FOR LOCAL SIGNIFICANCE UNDER CRITERIA A AND C IN THE AREAS OF COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT AND ARCHITECTURE. MEETING THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS ESTABLISHED IN THE MULTIPLE PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION FORM “PUBLIC HOUSING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1933-1949” (MPDF)CHEROKEE TERRACE WAS CONSTRUCTED AS A LOW-RISE, MULTI-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT BY THE HOUSING DIVISION OF THE PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATION (PWA) TO PROVIDE AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR THOSE CAST INTO POVERTY BY THE GREAT DEPRESSION. CONSTRUCTED BETWEEN 1936 AND 1938, THE PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE, CHEROKEE TERRACE EMBODIES THE THEORIES OF SITE PLANNING AND DESIGN DICTATED BY THE PWA. LOCATED ONTWO “SUPERBLOCKS,” THE SITE FEATURES EIGHT ONE- AND TWO-STORY BUILDINGS THAT OCCUPY LESS THAN 30 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL ACREAGE. THE PROPERTY ALSO INCORPORATES DISTINCT CIRCULATION PATTERNS, LARGE OPEN SPACES, RECREATION AREAS AND A COMMUNITY CENTER. THE BUILDINGS FOLLOW THE UTILITARIAN DESIGN TENETS OF FUNCTIONAL MODERNISM, THE STYLE PREFERRED BY THE PWA DUE TO ITS ECONOMY AND EFFICIENCY. CHARACTERIZED BY REPETITIVE FORMS, LONG, UNEMBELLISHED LINES, MINIMAL ORNAMENT AND SPARSE, FUNCTIONAL INTERIORS, THEBUILDINGS STAND AS AN INTACT EXAMPLE OF THESE IDEALS. CHEROKEE TERRACE ADDITIONALLY ILLUSTRATES BROADER PATTERNS OF PUBLIC HOUSING IN THE UNITED STATES AS MANIFESTED IN THE COMMUNITY OF ENID, OKLAHOMA.
Current Name SAME
Address 619 EAST MAINE STREET
City ENID
County GARFIELD
Lot 1-5, 12-16
Block 25
Current Section
Township
Range
Type
Historic Function DOMESTIC: MULTIPLE DWELLING
Current Function DOMESTIC: MULTIPLE DWELLING
Area Signficance 1 ARCHITECTURE
Area Significance 2 COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
Date Prepared 2013
Year Built 1936-1938
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder BLUMENAUER, GEORGE ERNEST
Architectural Style MODERN MOVEMENT
Roof Material ASPHALT SHINGLE
Wall Material BRICK
Window Material METAL
Door Material WOOD
Decorative Details
Condition EXCELLENT
Comments
Restricted N